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Energy in the NHS - Key Facts

The NHS estate uses approximately £500 million worth of energy a year in England alone. Energy used by the NHS throughout the UK is estimated to account for approximately 4 million tonnes of CO2 - some 22% of the total carbon footprint for the NHS.

Around 2.31 million tonnes of these CO2 emissions can be attributed to electricity use whilst the remainder represents space and hot water heating via fuels such as gas, coal and oil.

Energy efficiency is particularly important given to escalating fuel costs and requirements of the Climate Change Act and the Carbon Reduction Commitment, and reductions of up to 25% may be available through more efficient design of the NHS estate.